Overview of Eye Examination
When facing eye problems like eye pain, blurred vision, redness or anything critical – Eye examination plays its part. Eye examination just not help in detecting the eye problem at earliest but also gives solutions and make it treatable. So it’s very necessary to get your eye check at regular intervals and they need professional care. Professional care will create more chances for vision correction. The vision correction ways can include surgery or just the tips for your eye care like contact lenses, Eyeglasses or eye nutrition.
Eye exams are conducted by licensed eye doctors optometrist or ophthalmologist. He/ she checks the full health of your eyes along with visual acuity. Also, detect all the early eye diseases like glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration and detached retina.
An eye examination is a series of tests conducted by an ophthalmologist, optometrist, or orthoptist, optician, evaluating vision and capacity to focus on and see objects, as well as other tests and examinations about the eyes.
Different types of eye exams
- Eye muscle test
- Visual acuity test
- Refraction assessment
- Visual field test (perimetry)
- Colour vision testing
- Slit-lamp examination
- Retinal examination
- Screening for glaucoma
- Pupillary Response Testing
Purpose of conduction and eye examination
While a complete eye exam an eye doctor will evaluate the following points :
- Eye muscle movement
- Visual acuity i.e how clear you see
- Refractive error- How light waves cross by the cornea and lens of the eye
- Visual field – How much you can view on both side of you while not moving your eyes
- Colour vision
- The physical health of your eyes and the encircling structures, including lashes and eyelids
- The shape of the retina
- Risk of glaucoma
What happens in an eye examination?
A regular eye exam tests are for both your eyesight and your eye health. The Snellen eye chart is the prime and most basic way to test how strong you see. If your eyesight is not 20/20, your eye doctor will examine for refractive errors like myopia and hyperopia, more commonly known as nearsightedness and farsightedness.
Your eye ophthalmologists will also evaluate by a series of tests devised to catch eye conditions and diseases early.
Many of the disease like glaucoma and cataracts are developing in the later stages of life. Amblyopia or lazy eye may happen during babyhood. Most can be operated with surgeries like cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery or retinal surgery if detected beforehand.
Even an annual eye examination for children offer a lifetime comfort as the problem is diagnosed beforehand. Also, precautions can be taken for keeping the vision clear and healthy.
In short, what is done is an eye exam is mentioned below:
- A standard eye chart
- Cover test to correct eye alignment
- Manual refraction with a phoropter
- Slit-lamp exam of the exterior of the eye
- Applanation tonometry ie.glaucoma test
- Exam of the retina following pupil dilation
Why Eye Examination is important?
A routine, complete eye examination can identify vision difficulties, eye disease and general health problems before you are aware of a problem exists. Due to the introduction of new technology, the eyes are more strained. We even need an eye examination for vision correction as everyone wants a clear vision. It is suggested that adults have a complete eye exam every 1-2 years. Let’s discuss what makes an eye exam important for everyone in detail.
Digital technology eye strain
From computers screens to phones, televisions, tablets, laptops all are great technology but not good for our eyes. And this is the most common problem the youngster and adults, suffer from. In this case, we forget to keep blinking our eyes and which results in symptoms of dry eyes. An eye examination will help to resolve the problem of dry eyes by giving prescribed eye drops or light therapy and eyelid massage.
Damage from sun rays
In our day to day life, we usually go under sunlight it’s beneficial but at a set limit. The sun UV rays are harmful to the eye. Due to sun exposure, you may face a problem of cataracts or muscular degeneration which can be detected through a complete eye examination only. Neglecting it may take you to an excessive stage of this problem and permanent vision loss. For a safer side, you can wear sunglasses labelled UV 400 but eye examination is still important.
The number of allergies problem is increasing because of prolonged pollen and allergen counts. Anyone who experiences a hay fever ( allergic rhinitis) and other allergies have an impact on eyes health as well. One may notice the symptoms of burning, itching, redness and general irritation in eyes. For eliminating these symptoms the best thing to do is get complete eye checkup with a trusted doctor. They will make sure that the damage caused due to allergy are random, not genuine and prescribe the medicinal help accordingly.
Vision difficulties like nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism require regular examination done with your eye doctor. Even we wear contact lenses for vision correction but only when it is prescribed by your doctor. As they also contact lense do have a certain amount of risk factor. They decrease the level of oxygen to the surface of the eye and may interfere with lubricating glands. Here an eye examination plays an important role as the doctor will evaluate that is everything properly functioning in your eyes. And also, check the tear film and eye are healthy or not.
Diagnosing Eye diseases
This is the fact that the eye examination helps in diagnosing of all the eye diseases such as myopia, hyperopia and many more. Some diseases do not provide early warning signs. By the time people mention a difference in their vision, the disease may be in a high-level stage. However, your eye doctor can identify signs of these diseases through a complete eye examination.
In extension to watching for eye diseases, the eye surgeon may identify early signs of other medical problems that need care. These involve diabetes, high blood pressure, some cancers and high cholesterol. They can be detected when there is a complete eye examination.
How often one must-see a doctor for an eye examination?
It’s never too quick to schedule an eye exam. Eye exams are prescribed at 6 months, 3 years and before first grade.
- These first steps taken at an early age, help secure a child’s vision is growing usually heading into their school years and marks the importance of eye health and eye exams at a young age.
- At the age of 20s to 30s one should get an eye examination in every 5 to 10 years.
- The risk of eye infections rises after the age of 40, obtaining regular eye exams also more relevant for older patients. Advanced detection is key in stopping eye health problems.
One must visit the best eye hospital in Delhi for the eye examination.
Side effects of the Eye examination
There are no risks linked with having a general eye exam. But a few things need attention.
- There may be a short effect of blurred close vision if the doctor has applied drops into your eyes. But this effect will go in a few hours. Driving is asked to be avoided until this side effect has gone.
- Women who are newly pregnant and scheduled for an eye exam may want to make their appointment after the first-trimester are at very small risk. If any, medicine is given to dilate the pupils.
Note: The organization recommends moms-to-be who have their eyes dilated to close them after the drops are applied to decrease the amount of medication that’s ingested by the body.
Today, life is occupied and busy, but an annual eye exam especially if you have vision problems is essential. Just wearing the prescribed eyeglasses or contact lens won’t work.
Everyone requires a precise evaluation of their eyes regularly to assure their good health and the strength to view clearly for a lifetime. An eye examination is necessary for viewing more precisely. Even you have a perfect vision, you must have an eye exam that will help in maintaining good eye health. A comprehensive eye examination will not only correct your vision but also provide you with the best tips to maintain a healthy eye. Never take so long to visit ophthalmologists, if feeling anything wrong with the eye just consult them. There are various eye hospitals in Delhi, you can visit and get the best treatment.
If you are also encouraged by the benefits of eye exams do visit us. To understand more about healthy eyes tips, you can simply visit our website Eyemantra. Our expert guides will give details of all service in a descriptive manner that are present with us. We render services like cataract surgery, Retina surgery, Low Vision Aids or Ocuploplasty you can simply call us at +91-8851044355. Even you can mail us on firstname.lastname@example.org.
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