Best Certified Laser Cataract Surgery In Delhi
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A cataract is essentially a condition in which the lens of the eyes gets clouded creating diminished vision. Cataracts occur because protein builds up in the lens of the eye and it is common among old-aged adults, however, it could occur in young adults and children as well. Cataracts cause the eyes to look foggy, clouded and milky in appearance.
This may result in facing difficulty in driving, reading, or remembering faces. To eliminate the problem of cataract the ophthalmologists suggest to go for cataract surgery.
Cataract surgery by Eyemantra includes the elimination of the natural lens by a simple surgery.
Causes of Cataract
- The most common cause of cataract is degenerative differences due to the ageing process. With age, proteins in the natural lens reduce, resulting in a clouded lens called a cataract.
- Health diseases like diabetes, kidney disease, glaucoma, smoking, eye injuries, infection, and swelling inside the eye.
- Prolonged use of some medications can also point to cataract development.
- A cataract may also happen in children due to genetic or metabolic defect or due to infection and trauma.
Symptoms of Cataracts
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty in seeing at night
- Viewing colours as faded
- Doubled sensitivity to glare
- Halos surrounding lights
- Double vision in the injured eye
- The requirement for various changes in prescription glasses
Who is at a Risk of Cataract?
- Adults above the age of 50 as their eye muscles get weaker
- Individuals with poor lifestyle habits such as prolonged use of Steroids, Smoking or Alcohol abuse
- Environmental Factors such as over-exposure to harmful UV rays of the sun.
- People with diseases auto-immune diseases like Diabetes.
- People with Eye injuries.
- People with history eye diseases in the family.
- People with problems of Obesity.
- Individuals with Hypertension
Eligibility Criteria for Cataracts Surgery
One is an eligible candidate for cataract surgery if you are :
- Undergoing cloudy vision
- Observing bright colours as faded
- Experiencing double visions
- Feeling light sensitivity
- Undergoing poor night vision
- No Pregnancy and nursing
- Cataracts are hindering your daily activities such as driving, reading, cooking, or your outdoor activities
- Not undergoing dry eyes activity
CATARACT Surgery Procedure
Cataract surgery is generally performed one eye at a time. Cataract surgery is an outpatient surgery most of the time which means it does not require an overnight stay at the hospital or health care facility. The Cataract eye surgery can be performed via two different procedures.
Traditional Surgery Procedure
- The scalpel blade is used to create an incision in the cornea by hand.
- Handheld Instrument is used to open the up the sac/capsule holding the eye lens with cataract formation.
- The Cataract is then fragmented into smaller pieces.
- Fragmented Lens is then removed using suction.
- Artificial Lens is implanted to replace the previously natural cloudy lens and it is stitched up
Laser Cataract Surgery Procedure
- A device named LENSAR is used to break the cataract.
- Laser (Femtosecond Laser) creates corneal incisions to access the cataract.
- Cataract is removed using suction.
- Artificial Lens is implanted into the eye once the cataract is removed.
Zepto Cataract Surgery
- Zepto cataract surgery is basically is another type of cataract removal procedure it is basically a procedure in which a handheld disposable device is used to create a strong, clear-cut and precise incision in the crystalline lens of the eyes.
- Zepto surgery is in many ways much better, economical as well as less complicated than the femtosecond laser cataract operation.
Types of Cataracts
Cataracts are among on the main causes for loss of vision among adults over the age of 45 and remain the principal cause of blindness across the world. It has been estimated that over 1.3 billion people are living with one form or the other of this disease.
There are various types of cataracts , some of them are:
- Subcapsular Cataract – Cataracts occurring at the back of the eye lens.
- Nuclear Cataract – Occurs in the central zone of the eye’s lens. (also called nucleus).
- Cortical Cataract – White Wedge-like opacity which starts at the edge of the eye lens but slowly works its way to the centre (Nucleus).
- Growing Ages – Nearly half the population by the age of 60 develops cataract and about 80% of people get a cataract in at least one eye by the age of 70 years.
- Traumatic Cataract – A direct injury or trauma can cause damage to the eye leading to cataract. It can be progressive or instantly after a trauma.
- Metabolic Cataract – Various disorders in body metabolism including autoimmune diseases like diabetes and galactosaemia can cause cataract over time.
- Secondary Cataract – In several cases, cataract develops as a result of some other primary ocular disease such as chronic eye inflammation or glaucoma.
- Steroid-induced Cataract – Excess intake of oral steroid or inserting steroid drops in the eye can create cataract. It is always recommended to ask a doctor before using one.
Catching Cataract Early
Cataracts start interfering with the day-to-day activities of the individual like reading, writing, driving among others hence, it becomes essential to address it as soon as possible. Basically, cataracts make it hard for light to pass through clearly and interferes with smooth vision. However, cataract is not a painful condition and it presents many symptoms before it starts showing drastic effects. Here are some symptoms that you have a cataract. You should immediately consult with an eye doctor if you start noticing any of these symptoms:
- Night Vision becomes blurry
- Sensitivity to Bright Lights
- Pale-yellow/ Clouded Vision
- Halos at light sources
- blurry vision and/or Double Vision
The symptoms of cataract are very subtle and it is also possible that you may not experience all of them at once. However, the cataract symptoms become noticeable slowly as the condition intensifies and it is necessary to consult with an eye care specialist as soon as these symptoms appear even the slightest bit.
Cataract Treatment Option
SURGERY is the only treatment choice for cataract!
Once your lens becomes cloudy or white due to cataract, no medicine can decrease it back to being transparent. Replacement by surgery is the only feasible means to treat it.
Basic Principle of cataract treatment is the elimination of the cloudy lens by surgery and injection of the artificial intraocular lens.
You require to decide and discuss 2 things before going for cataract surgery. The technique of surgery MICS i.e Microincision Cataract Surgery is a simple system of replacement of cloudy lens by artificial lens remaining the same, in MICS the surgeon makes the holes by surgical instrument whereas in robotic cataract surgery the holes are made using computer programing and advanced Femto laser technology. The another thing is type of IOL:- Intra Ocular lens choice depends upon your vision needs and lifestyle like you essentially require near vision.
Type of Cataract Surgery
There are various technologies and basic techniques for cataract surgery like Phacoemulsification, MICS, Robotic Surgery, Extracapsular cataract surgery and Intracapsular cataract surgery.
Phacoemulsification is the most common form of cataract removal and modern cataract surgery in which the eye’s inner lens is emulsified with an ultrasonic handpiece and extend from the eye. Aspirated fluids are reinstated with watering of balanced salt solution to keep the anterior chamber.
MICS is Micro Incision Cataract Surgery, the outcomes in cataract surgery depend on the size of incision and technology used. The visual results and recovery time are much better linked to conventional treatments as the incision size is even less.
In Robotic Surgery(Bladeless Femto Laser Cataract Surgery) is the epitome of technology for cataract surgery. The treatment utilises computer programming and laser energy to perform the surgery.
The procedure of Extracapsular cataract surgery is usually applied to the person suffering from the most advanced cataract and the lens is very thick to dissolve into fragment or when phacoemulsification is impossible. Extracapsular cataract extraction normally needs an injection of numbing medication around the eye and an eye patch after the operation.
The Intracapsular cataract surgery surgical technique needs an even more open wound than extracapsular surgery, and the surgeon separates the entire lens mutually with the encompassing capsule. This technique needs the IOL to be inserted in a different location, in front of the iris.
What to Expect with Cataract Surgery
Your surgeon will check your eye to see the proper focusing power for your IOL. Additionally, you will be questioned about any medicines you take. You will also be asked not to take some of these medicines before surgery. You may be prescribed eyedrop medications to begin before surgery. These medications assist in preventing infection and decrease swelling during and after surgery.
During the Surgery
Your ophthalmologist may suggest you not to eat a solid meal at least 6 hours before your surgery. The surgery for cataract removal can be done in clinic, hospital or outpatient surgery centre just 15-20 minutes procedure. Here is what will follow:
- Your eye will be numbed with eye drops or with an injection encompassing the eye. You may also be given a medicine that helps you to rest.
- You will be conscious during surgery. You can see light and movement during the procedure, but you will not recognise what the doctor is doing to your eye.
- Your surgeon looks by a special microscope by creating tiny incisions i.e cuts, created by laser or a blade near the end of your cornea. The surgeon applies these incisions to enter the lens in your eye. Using very little instruments, he or she will break up the lens with the cataract and eliminate and replace it with your new lens into place.
- Usually, your surgeon will not require to stitch the incisions sealed. These self-sealing incisions finally will stop by themselves over time. A shelter will be placed over your eye to preserve it while you recover from surgery.
- You will rest in a healing area for about 20–30 minutes. Then you will be fit to go home.
Do’s & Don’ts After Cataract Surgery
|Wash your hands before you insert eye drops. Always shake the eye drop bottle before applying it and follow the directions to avoid any sort of infection or inflammation.||For women patients, it is prudent to stay away from eye makeup or every kind of toxic chemicals for a week after surgery.|
|Cataract Eye Surgery: Do’s Have a time gap in case of one or more eye drops and close the eye for 30-60 seconds directly for the drops to absorb well.||Avoid outdoor activities and crowded or dirty places as the eye are very delicate to catch infections.|
|Wear a protecting eye cover or eye patch while relaxing or sleeping to stop from accidentally rubbing the operated eye.||Aviod driving for few months as the stress on eyes are not good sign.|
|Use UV shielded sunglasses to guard your eye against straight sunlight and also the harmful rays of the sun.||Do not raise any heavyweights for a week after surgery and leave out any kind of sports or strenuous exercises for some time.|
|You can take a bath and wash your hair the next day but try not to get in touch of soap or water into the eye for at least 1 week.||Never rub your eye or use anything to your eyes even rose water. This will improve the chance of infection.|
|Have a healthy balanced diet for a few days after the surgery.||Just after the operation avoid bending as this is putting extra pressure on your eye.|
|Visit your ophthalmologist as per the schedules made by them for a check-up. In case of any problem, it is advisable to discuss the doctor as soon as possible.||Don’t swim or take a hot tub for at least 2 weeks after the surgery. Even a little drop of water makes your eyes exposed to infection.|
Eyemantra- Famous for Cataract Surgery in Delhi
Eyemantra is the lead in Cataract treatment with over more than 1000 eyes operated. We are amongst the 1st few to have Femto Assisted Surgery Unit in Delhi. The surgery has exceptional precision and success rate without the application of blades. The technology enables correction of pre-existing astigmatism generated due to abnormal corneal curvature. This technology with a complete range of premium IOL gives the most beneficial of results after cataract surgery by our top cataract surgeons in Delhi and its NCR. Book an appointment with our best cataract eye doctor in Delhi to know more about cataract surgery cost in Delhi.