EyeMantra https://eyemantra.org Best Eye Hospital In Delhi Mon, 12 Apr 2021 06:29:10 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.6.3 https://eyemantra.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/rsz_em.png EyeMantra https://eyemantra.org 32 32 All About How We See Things https://eyemantra.org/blog/how-we-see-things/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/how-we-see-things/#respond Wed, 24 Mar 2021 05:52:21 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8824 Nature has gifted us with diverse senses that have made lives actually happening. And that allows you to communicate with and react to others. They also provide us the ability to keep our bodies healthy and safe. Most of the information that brains receive comes from these sensory organs: the eyes, nose, ears, skin, and tongue. The eye is the organ of sight. The functioning of the eye tells us how we see things. To keep our eyes in a safe position, we need to go thoroughly through its, structure and how does it function.

Anatomy Of The Eye

How we see things

Let’s understand the basic structure before we look for an answer to how we see things.

The eye is a slightly irregular hollow sphere that takes in light and transforms it into images. The light enters through the cornea (the front window of the eye). The pupil governs the amount of light entering the eye. As the front part of the eye is elliptical, it tilts the light shaping an upside-down image on the retina. Then the brain does its work and turns the image back into the right manner.

The retina works with a direct connection to the brain. It makes the brain understand the images that the retina has turned from the light of the objects to the signals. The brain receives these signals. But there is a part in the retina at the very backside of it that is light conscious. The area is loaded with photosensitive cells.

These cells can be divided into two different categories based on their function of the vision, during the day and the night. Rods are the cells that enable a person to see during the night. Whereas the cones hold the responsibility to form the images during the daytime. They are further divided into different categories based on their response to a different wavelength of light:  red, green, and blue. Cones permits us to witness the image in color and detail.

An eye also consists of several other parts enabling it for the proper perception of the view. They can be aqueous humor (a liquid that flows in a chamber behind the cornea); vitreous humor (a gel-like fluid that fills the area between the lens and the retina. Every eye part located inside the eye is protected by a shield, called the sclera (the white part of the eye). Another part is the choroid, which helps to nourish the eye because it is made up of blood vessels.

How We See Things/Functioning of An Eye

A human eye is a camera of a human body that captures everything that poses in front of it. The brain receives the image of the object and stores it there as a soft copy, and retrieves them back at the required time.

We all know that whatever is visible to us is not the object itself that we are looking at. Instead, it is the image that has been formed that is what we are seeing. Now the question arises that how the process is followed. What happens when our eyes turn towards any object? What exactly happens when that light falling on the object reflects the eyes?

Various structures are working inside the eye to form an image that the brain can understand. there is a clear dome-like structure, called cornea covering the iris (the colored part of the eye) among these structures. The lens is located just beneath it. The retina is situated at the back of the eye and it contains thin layers of tissues.


The light passes through the cornea. As soon as it passes the light is refracted upon the lens. The light is then bent for the second time finally reaching the retina where the image is formed. The twice bending of light, however, reverses the image. As a result, the image has been turned upside down. If this was the end of the road, then the world would have perceived as upside-down to each one of us.

Thankfully, the image is turned into the correct form in the brain. But before this, the image needs to be transferred to the brain. Through an optical nerve, the image is made to travel to the optical lobe where it regains its proper perception.

Common Problems Affecting How We See Things (eye sight)

1) Refractive errors

how do we see things

This eye problem affects how we see things. We can say that there are two types of eyes: “emmetropic eye” (those with normal vision), and “ametropic eye” (those with refractive errors). Refractive errors are confusion that occurs when the eye is not able to perceive the image as it is. This happens because of the irregularity in the shape of the eye resulting in unclear and blurry images. Following are the two most common types of refractive errors;

  • Myopia: This is the condition where the eyeball gets expanded, or the lens becomes too thick. As a result of it, the person suffering from it is not able to see distant objects. Nearby objects are visible to him/her.
  • Hypermetropia: commonly called, long-sightedness are the conditions where the person is not able to see nearby objects clearly, but distant objects are clear to them. This happens because the eyeball gets too contracted, or the lens becomes too thin. It can cause trouble while we read books.

Usually, we go for prescription glasses in such cases.

2) Cataracts

how do we see things through eyes

This is another sight-threatening condition. The problem results in vision deficiency. The patient’s eyes are in such a condition that a cloudy patch can be noticed on the eyeball. With time, the patch grows and even leads to vision loss. The issue is generally found in old age. However, it might even occur in children. In cases with the exception, a newborn too can suffer from this.

3) Trachoma:

how do we see things

It comes under the category of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). It is caused when bacteria repeatedly affect the eyes. That’s a bit similar to conjunctivitis, and can be easily treated. But if it’s not, over time, it causes scarring into the eyelids. This makes the eyelashes turn inward. And with every blink. They scrape against the eye. It is a communicable disease and spreads through contacts.

4) River Blindness:


Called onchocerciasis, river blindness is a disease caused by infections that fly transfers from nearby water bodies to our eyes. In worse cases, they can even lead to irreversible blindness.

Protection For Eyes

Right from a very young age, eyes need to be protected and taken care of properly. Even a slight delay can lead us to serious problems. The moment we feel something wrong with our sights and visions, we need to act immediately. Run to the eye doctor as soon as possible. We cannot afford to lose our vision.

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NGOs in Delhi- Improving Millions Of Lives https://eyemantra.org/blog/ten-ngos-in-delhi/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/ten-ngos-in-delhi/#respond Tue, 23 Mar 2021 04:09:53 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8712

Importance Of NGOs In Delhi

A non-Governmental Organization is an organization that works for the welfare of society without any government affiliation. NGOs are non-profit organizations, they use all the funds they receive from various sources for social work. An NGO could be set up on these levels- community, city, national and international, on the basis of geographical boundaries. They work for social causes like child literacy, environmental awareness, human rights, women empowerment. There are many NGOs in Delhi working with dedication to make this world a better place.

Role Of NGOs

Non-governmental organizations play an important role in the development of the whole country by highlighting the issues that need attention and need to be worked upon. Non profit organizations works faster than some government bureaucracies, because they are independent and are direct while working. These organizations are transparent and are collaborative. The main goal of these organizations works for reducing discrimination on any basis present in society.

NGOs In Delhi

Mobile Creches

NGOs in Delhi

27% of the total working population in Delhi is migrant workers. Most of the times Migrant workers have to keep moving from one place to another in search of work. They have to migrate wherever they can find work. Due to this constant moving and lack of financial stability their children’s education, physical & mental health gets affected . Mobile crèches provide shelter to children near the construction sites where they can study, play and eat. this NGO in Delhi provides a safe environment for the children who don’t have a stable home.

Smile Foundation- TOP- RATED NGOs IN

Top NGOs in Delhi

Smile foundation aims to educate every underprivileged child. Even covid could not stand in their way. However ,the basic motive of introducing ” Shiksha Na Ruke” amid a pandemic was to provide basic education to children who lack in online resources. This NGO understands that a child’s education is related to the mental health and awareness of their mothers.

When a mother is aware of the value of education. she makes sure her child does it right. NGO runs over 400 live welfare programs for women empowerment and employment. Increasing awareness of practical issues is one of their prime goals. Foundation believes if one person is educated and earning in the family, it becomes easy for the present and next generation to do better in life.


best NGOs in delhi

HelpAge India is awarded as one of the best NGOs in Delhi. The organization works for the disadvantaged elderly. NGO provides them several facilities like livelihood support, old age shelter, and digital literacy. many elder’s are the victims of elder abuse and mobile creches helps them take action against it. They set up several healthcare units as well. Their mission is to provide the elder generation a quality life.

NGO ensures that they get a pension, healthcare facilities, and a life they want to live with dignity and respect in society. HelpAge also helps the elderly in being independent by forming Elder-Self-Help- Groups in rural areas.

Moreover, Helpage India connects youth with elders. They run a program ‘Student Action for Value Education’ to sensitize the youth generation towards elders. And teach the younger generation to treat them with utmost care and respect.

Wordsworth Project- ONE OF THE TOP NGOs IN DELHI

NGOs in delhi

Wordsworth project is an NGO that works for child literacy in slum areas. It is one of the best educational NGOs in Delhi. The way they look out for kids who are underprivileged and have no resources is something to be proud of. This NGO has several branches all over Delhi. They work on mainly ‘’primary children’s’’ English proficiency and communication skills.

Organization believes lack of resources should not come in between children’s dreams. English is the most basic language that everyone has to learn to communicate better. But most of these children’s families cannot afford tuition and schools. Therefore, this NGO ensures nobody gets left behind.

GOONJ- A voice, An Effort

credible NGOs in delhi

Within 2 decades Goonj has grabbed the attention of many national and international organizations. Goonj is known for its innovative approach. It turns discarded and under-utilized material into useful tools and clothes for the rural population. The NGO is working for the welfare of society by making sanitary pads for rural women and educating them about their menstrual health.

Many people donate their clothes to the economically weak people in villages and rural areas through this Ngo. Similarly, You can also give anything that is not being used in your house to help those in need as well.


Top-rated NGOs in delhi

Deepalaya is a nonprofit organization executing many projects in North India. One of their projects works for children with difficult circumstances. In India, many children face difficult circumstances like child abuse. Some children are run-away or are disowned by parents. whereas some have serious diseases like AIDS, and some others are children of sex workers. These vulnerable children face troubles all their life, if not taken care of.

Consequently, the organization provides them overall rehabilitation. Not just meals and education, they take care of their emotional and mental well-being. The NGOs’ prime goal is to show the kids a world outside slums.

Care India

women educational NGOs in delhi

Care is a global organization that has branches among 14 countries. One of them is India. Care India works for women’s empowerment. Mainly they focus on the marginalized section by motivating them to study, work, and prioritize their health. NGO also helps fight malnutrition among women and children.

The humanitarian work in the organization also includes fulfilling women’s basic needs. They provide gas stoves to women in villages to stop household pollution leading to improvement in the quality of their lives. Care works in collaboration with community groups and government departments to help the poor.

Circle Of Animal Lovers

Circle of animal lovers is an animal NGOs in Delhi. CAL picks up street animals every day and provides them food and shelter. The Circle of animal lovers is against animal killing. They adopt abandoned animals and treat wounded animals. CAL deserves appreciation for improving the lives of animals in a country where most people are ignorant towards animals.


Sakshi is a nonprofit organization working for social causes. They worked tirelessly during the pandemic. They provided food and clothes to the migrant worker and helped them reach their home safely. Sakshi is running over 120 centres for marginalized communities for education, health, and community development. Sakshi works on grass root level with and for the people in slums. The motto of Sakshi is to provide all the basic amenities to children and women.

Action For Autism

Action for Autism is an NGO in Delhi that raised awareness about autism before anyone knew about it. Autism was virtually unheard of in India, there was no information available. The organization helps in diagnosing autism and teaches people what it is. Many children with autism have no support from the family. Neither the parents nor society initially understood what autism is. AFA focuses on the well-being of these kids and helps them live with dignity by making them self-reliant.

Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital (SCEH)

 SCEH is a nonprofit organization that facilitates several programs to treat eye-related problems to economically weak elderly for free. Eye cancer treatment, cataract operation, and consultation are provided free of cost.  The charity work this hospital does is beyond good. Thousands of elderly are living a better life because of this charity hospital.

Maitri India

In a country like India where women are the victim of poor health, violence, emotional abuse, this organization ensures their safety. Maitri especially supports women who lost their husbands. The organization also provides legal advocacy, education, and support to the elderly widows who were abandoned by their families.

A non-governmental organization not only helps lives individually but also improves the condition of a country as a whole. Above mentioned NGOs are bringing positivity and hope to millions of lives. Donating or volunteering in an NGO is the most selfless thing you will ever do to make this world a better place.

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Top NGOs in Mumbai https://eyemantra.org/blog/top-ten-ngos-in-mumbai/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/top-ten-ngos-in-mumbai/#respond Mon, 22 Mar 2021 06:50:35 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8680 Mumbai is the 12th richest country in the world. People from all over India go to Mumbai to fulfill their dreams. But there are always two sides to the coin. More than half of the total population of the city is living in slums in Mumbai. To uplift the economically weak sector many NGOs are working with utmost dedication. Some top NGOs in Mumbai that are trying to eradicate hunger, gender discrimination and social injustice are enlisted below:

Udaan foundation 

best NGOs In Mumbai

Udaan Foundation works for the welfare of economically weak children. The foundation focuses on developing the children’s skills, knowledge, and provides them with all the support required to have a brighter future. The main aim of this foundation is to support kids with a good education coming from a low-income community. They want to show what all are possible for poor children in terms of education and their well-being. Therefore, it is one of the best NGOs in Mumbai.

St. Jude India Child Care CentreTop-Rated NGOs In Mumbai

top- rated NGOs in Mumbai

This Centre is home to thousands of kids who are suffering from cancer and staying for their treatment in Mumbai. These children come for cancer treatment from small villages where there are no hospitals. These children travel far with their families but have no place to stay in the city.

This child care centre provides free accommodation and fulfils all their basic needs away from home. Not only have they provided shelter but a positive environment to children and their families who are going through such tough times. Their kindness and hard work deserve appreciation. That’s why it is a top-rated NGOs in Mumbai.

Shraddhanand Mahilashram

one of the best NGOs in Mumbai

The main objective of Shraddhanand Mahilashram is to provide shelter to old-age women. But it also runs an orphanage. They started as a shelter for women, but now have old age homes in many parts of Mumbai. The old age home has- paid beneficiaries for those who can afford it and non-paid for those who cannot.

The motive behind this old age home is giving a peaceful environment to old women who need it. Shraddhanand Mahilashram wants to create a world free of destitute women and children as well. This Mahilashram also executes various activities like reading for old women and gaming activities for children.

Akanksha Foundation

trusted NGOs in Mumbai

The motive of the Akanksha Foundation is to fill the gap between the quality of the education system of the poor and rich. This foundation started with after-school programs but after a few years, they started Akanksha schools. These are public-private partnerships schools that deliver quality education.

It aims to provide high-quality education for low-income communities. Akanksha Foundation is an NGOs located in Mumbai, enabling children to have better skills and knowledge for a bright future.

Muskurahat Foundation

Top NGOs In Mumbai

Muskurahat Foundation is an NGO based in Mumbai. It has branches in other cities too. Foundation is acknowledged by govt. of India and it comes under the government’s list of NGOs. The foundation works for child literacy. The vision and mission of this NGO are to teach every kid the skills and knowledge that are often missed in schools.

The foundation is home to many orphan children as they prepare orphan children to get a good job in the future. According to the JJ, Act orphans are supposed to move out of the NGO after they are 18 and live on their own. They focus on the hidden potential of each child by arranging very creative and innovative activities among children.

They launched a new project KEYTAAB under which they enhance 21st-century skills and provide mental health care.


best NGOs in Mumbai

This is a secular organization working for the disadvantaged and powerless. They were recently awarded as the ‘Champion level- GuideStar’ India Platinum for its level of transparency and public accountability. The NGO supports the education of poor adolescent children especially girls. And it also has over 4 thousand kids below the age of six who are the most marginalized.

This organization runs several other programs for health and disability, self-help-groups, counselling for domestic violence victims. This organization is known for lending an ear to hear the victims who have undergone emotional and physical abuse. They also offer advice and holds sessions in which all the women can hear out and help each other, which will give them the strength to fight their battles.

Neptune Foundation– BEST NGOs IN MUMBAI

Largest NGOs in Mumbai

Neptune Foundation is one of the best NGOs in Mumbai. They run many programs to help the poor, needy, and destitute. They find mentally ill people on the street and take them under the Foundation. Their main goal is to treat mentally disturbed people and reunite them with their lost families. Out of 283 pickups, only 183 reunions had happened to date. Those who regained their memory went back to their family and those who can’t are living in their Old Age Home.

The NGO provides free meals and health facilities to these people including cataract operations and spectacles. All for free. They aim to empower everyone in society. They even run campaigns like HIV Nutrition camp, Blood Donation Camp to help the poor, supply rations, medicines, and supplements to the needy.

National Society for Equal Opportunities for the Handicapped (NASEOH)

credible NGOs in Mumbai

NASEOH is a result of a conference held in 1968. A group of people decided to establish NASEOH to spread awareness about the areas available for differently-abled people. Later on, they decided to provide services themselves. They do so, by running various programs related to Education, Vocational training, Employment, Rehabilitation, and Disability prevention.

This organization also provide mobility tools like wheelchairs, callipers, tricycles, crutches, and whatever appliances people need. They promote education and employment for the differently-abled according to the interests and skills handicapped prefers.


Top NGOs In Mumbai

Akshara foundation aims to create a world without any gender injustice. On average one woman is raped every day in Mumbai. Their team works hard to create a society where women feel safe and secure. Akshara provides scholarships for education, training, and technical skills to the economically weak girl child.

They train and make aware young men become supportive and help in ending gender inequality. Foundation also orients online educational material on gender discrimination and violence against women. Their goal is to establish a gender-just world and make this world a violence-free place.

Foundation for Mother and Child Health (FMCH)

NGOs in Mumbai

Foundation works to educate every mother in socially and economically marginalized areas about their health. They focus on preventive health, balanced diet, child development by educating mothers. Food choices that a woman makes affect her child the most. FMCH provides accurate knowledge and other intensive services to eradicate malnutrition and other health-related problems in women and their children in vulnerable communities.

Standing up for a social cause and most importantly treating thousands of people as family members is not an easy task. You don’t need money only but a good and kind heart to help those in need. People working for the above-mentioned NGOs are nothing but blessings to humankind. To help in the cause you can choose to donate or volunteer as well.

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WHO Internship In India https://eyemantra.org/blog/who-internship-in-india/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/who-internship-in-india/#respond Sat, 20 Mar 2021 11:21:06 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8622 Process Of Internship In WHO, India

2020 has taught that the world needs to invest more in the healthcare sector. With the growing cases of coronavirus in every country, we need to upgrade our health care and health system to achieve bigger and global health goals. Every country needs to train health-care workers in a way that they can get exposed to the healthcare industry and create wonders through their research and their operation work. Countries need to have a pool of health-care professionals and stakeholders to interact with the international health arena.

The World Health Organization (WHO) is the specialized agency of the United Nations whose duty is to take care of public health on an international level and it establishes the agency structure and principles. The headquarter is situated in Geneva, Switzerland with the six-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide. The WHO was established on 7th April 1948 and the day is also celebrated as World Health Day worldwide.

WHO’s internship program offers a wide range of opportunities for the students who have completed their graduation and post- Graduation to gain insight and knowledge about the working program, while enriching the experience in the health-care sector. So, they can contribute to better public health for individuals.

Objectives Of The WHO Internship In India

  • It provides a structure to the students from various backgrounds and provides practical knowledge of the WHO programs for their better educational outcome.
  • People working with it get in-depth knowledge of WHO structure:  How it works and regarding the framework of the organization.
  • Provide a WHO program to students who have completed a specialization in different fields i.e: the health sector and there are other various programs such as communication, public relation, human resource, etc.

Duration of WHO Internship In India

The internship at WHO will span from six to twenty-four weeks. The duration also depends on the factor such as the needs of WHO technical units and also intern’s availability.

Stipends For WHO Interns

WHO provides stipends to the students who are in the need of support. When someone gets selected he/she needs to sign a disclosure form in which they need to mention if they’re already getting any scholarship/grant. Based on the form, WHO will decide the stipend up to a specific amount per duty station.

The stipend will differ from position to position in which students apply.

WHO also provides medical and accidental insurance to all the students. They do not provide any cost for the accommodation and conveyance cost for any candidate.

Eligibility Criteria In WHO Internship

  • The student should be of at least 20 years old, on the date of applying the application.
  • The student should be enrolled in a course of study or equivalent at a university/college. Candidates who have completed Graduation/Post-graduation also qualify to apply for the internship program, but they need to apply after 6 months of completion of their degree.
  •  The student needs to have completed their three years of full-time studies at a university or equivalent institution prior to commencing (bachelor’s level or equivalent ) the assignment.
  • The students should have completed a first degree in public health, social and medical fields related to the technical work of WHO or a degree in the management-related or administrative field.
  • None of the family members of the student should be related to WHO in any terms (son/daughter, brother/sister, or mother/father)
  • The student should be fluent in any of the working languages of the office or assignment.
  • The student shouldn’t have participated earlier in any of the WHO internship programs.
  • The candidate should hold a valid passport from the WHO member state.

Procedures To Apply For Internship In WHO, India

All the candidates from the world are invited in their specific domain of work (healthcare, support staff) and organizational locations (regional offices, country offices, or headquarters)

All the applicants should apply for the vacancies which were posted on the official website of the WHO careers section using the WHO corporate recruitment system.

Update In The Process  

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the process of applying for the internship has changed and the confinement measures are been taken in several countries. The continuity of the internship will change according to the evolution of the Covid-19 vaccination drive in certain countries.

Here’s a link through which you can apply- https://careers.who.int/careersection/intern/jobsearch.ftl?lang=en

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Women & Women’s Rights Organizations in India https://eyemantra.org/blog/women-rights-organizations-in-india/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/women-rights-organizations-in-india/#respond Thu, 18 Mar 2021 10:59:10 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8584 Women Rights In India

It is said that the country has evolved much when it comes to its development. But will you accept the fact that the mindsets of people have evolved in the same direction, or at the same pace? The answer is a Big No. Still, some people don’t want their girl child to be educated. They indeed don’t realize the importance of it. Then why do these people look for a lady doctor or women rights organizations when their wives and daughters are in need?

They say women should not speak much, they should remain passive in every matter of the family. They don’t have the rights to raise their voice for themselves. Then, why do these people deny marrying a dumb girl? These are all hypocrisies prevailing everywhere in society. And we say that we have evolved. We are doing nothing but fooling others as well as ourselves.

For ages, the plight of a woman or a girl child has been known to all of us. But a few of us even consider it hard to accept. And they want society to continue with that same stereotypical mentality for their materialistic gain. Women have been fighting for equal rights for a long now. Though, the battle is not won completely. But there wouldn’t have been any start if women’s rights organizations in India have not first, realized and then acted accordingly to combat the issue.

Several organizations are running in the country for different causes. Women’s rights organizations in India are those organizations that have understood the causes and pain of women, now have come forward with the solutions as well.

Therefore, we research the best women’s right organizations in India for helping women in empowering themselves and understand the right meaning of quality:

10 Best Empowering Women Rights Organization In India

1) Guria India– The Best Women Rights NGOs In India

Just think of a situation where a girl has just gone through sexual abuse, and then instead of questioning the culprit, we start doubting and interrogating the victim itself. What kind of justice is this? Guria India is one of the best women’s rights organization in India, which stands up for these girls who are unable to speak for them in the time of need.

The organization acts as a guide, right from the very beginning including the filing of the FIR to collecting evidence to make their cases stronger. Adding to legal aid, they even take the victims through counselling to make their psychological condition stabilize for them who have met the trauma.

The mission of this organization is to educate women about their rights and how to take a stand for themselves when no one is there for them.

2) International Foundation for Crime Prevention and Victim Care (PCVC)

There is a misconception prevalent in the society that girls are not safe outside the home. But this isn’t true. However, today people have started realizing the fact. Abuse and violence are taking place in homes in equal numbers as they are being witnessed outside. This is more than worse. Because victims in such cases either willingly keep mum to hide their family matters, or they are forced to do so with the threat of becoming homeless.

PCVC is one of such top listed women’s rights organization in India that works for women who have been prey to the vultures in their homes themselves. The organization provides legal help to the survivors while ensuring their basic needs and resources for their living.

3) Sayodhya– Top Listed Women Rights Organization In India

This women’s rights organization in India also provides shelter for young girls and women suffering from trauma. Their helpline number is working all day and night so that they miss on to the victims in the time of their needs.  Also, in a case where the women are lacking legal aid, they do the needful by taking them to women protection centres.

Sometimes, it also happens so that the assaulters try to reconnect to the victims so that that they can ruin the existing evidence. Sayodhya makes sure that the safety of the women is kept at priority. Further, employment opportunities are also offered to them to earn their living and make themselves independent.

4) Shikshan Ane Samaj Kalyan Kendra

The main cause of any mishappening lies in a lack of awareness. However, these days, women have become cautious and aware of their fundamental rights, and have realized their importance as a living being. Still, a few of the women lack understanding. So several women’s rights organizations in India hold awareness campaigns and workshops to educate people regarding these issues. They tell them about the approach and the help the other organizations are voluntarily providing them, in the required times.

They provide the “Shiksha” (education) about where to stand up for their rights, be it their personal and professional areas. Committing to every situation blindly won’t do good in their lives. People start taking such personalities for granted and the victim ends up having zero at the end of the day.

5) Prerana

Prerna, one of the women’s rights organizations in India works for recovery, safeguard, and reestablishment of human-trafficking preys. To ensure the responsibilities, the fellow members in collaboration, with different state governments come up with structured anti-human trafficking programs and protocols to rescue the victims.

Including all that, they embolden the victims to present oneself as a strong and equally able person. The word “Prerna” means “inspiration”. Hence, the organization as its name suggests keeps on inspiring the victims not to lose hope and strive for better conditioning of their future.

6) Majlis Manch

The organization comes up with legal aidings for the victims in molestation cases. They run a program, ‘rahat’ (“relief”) for them. The program abides by different legalities as to how the cases should be filed and then taken forward. They raise awareness among the victims so that they do not dwell on useless and unending procedures.

7) The Prajnya Trust

Women have started stepping out for work also. Even there, they do not feel safe. The women’s rights organization in India, the Prajnya Trust does provide alertness and attention to those working out of their homes. Women in such cases feel more hesitant to report the matter. They fear the loss of employment. But there are certain programs and legalities which help those to solve their issues. And they make sure that the abusers have been punished severely.

8) Sakhya Women’s Guidance Cell

The major objective of this women’s rights organization in India is to ensure gender equality and provide justice to them. They aim to provide women with more, self-determination, and sovereignty to lead their life in their conditions. For this, they equip women with counselling, lawful help, shed, and physical and mental recovery.

9) Committee for Legal Aid to Poor (CLAP)

However, reduced but acid attacks were one of the most brutal acts being committed in large numbers in the country.  The women’s rights organizations in India like the “Committee for Legal Aid to Poor” (CLAP) make sure that the trespasser is punished for the heinous crime he has done. They help the victims with the court proceedings. Also, they make sure that at least some amount of compensation is provided to the acid attack survivors from the government.

10) ActionAid in India

ActionAid International is a universal federation, of which, Action Act in India is the women’s rights organization in India for the country. And Gaurav is the crisis centre for ActionAid that works for the needy without seizing. Victims are aided with all the requirements. They are not forced to indulge in legalities.

These were a few well-known women’s rights organization in India that ensures women’s safety. And their empowerment at the same time. There are much more other than these. The organizations are doing their duties pretty well. But we as citizens of the country should be little sensitive towards the matters and contribute our bit by giving donations. We can also come up as volunteers to work for the cause.

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Education NGOs in India: It’s founding and it’s functioning https://eyemantra.org/blog/education-ngos-in-india/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/education-ngos-in-india/#respond Thu, 18 Mar 2021 10:38:50 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8582

What Are Education NGOs Stand For & How They Work?

Before jumping directly onto education NGOs in India or how many of them do we have in India, let’s first talk about what are these NGOs.

As known to all, NGOs are Non-Governmental Organizations. And as the name suggests, no profit-making activities take place within such organizations, unlike any other type of organization. The most important concern for these organizations is to perform activities that are reaching a large number of masses and hence are beneficial for the whole society at large.

Every Non-Governmental Organization has its cause to work on which is crucially base4d on the burning social issues. Some of them may include healthcare, education, family planning, environment protection, and many more.  They all work according to their needs.

Education is one of the basic human rights that need to take everyone under its shelter. Proper food and water are necessary for the development of a physical human body likewise, education is important for the social, mental, and psychological growth of the person. Only education can make a difference in society.

When it comes to education in India, it is very unfortunate to say that even after so many schemes introduced by the government, a large part of India’s section is deprived of even the basic education facility. So what these educational NGOs in India do is that they reach up to those strata of the society where even the basic rights to people are denied.

The organizations reach out to people, go door to door, talk to them to figure out the reasons where the government lacks. The problem found in rural areas, where people are leading their lives but are unaware of many things happening to them. However, the condition also exists in urban areas.

Therefore we come up with our research regarding the list of best educational NGOs In India. Let’s explore it:

Education NGOs in India

1) MAD (Make A Difference)

The idea to start this organization was first conceived in the minds of six youths, all coming from Kochi in the year 2006. At present, remarkably 3,800 volunteers are working for this education NGO in India. The organization has sprouted its way to over 23 cities, working for around 3,400 children in India. The strong volunteers make sure that they make the children realize the worth of educations, and how important it is to dream, and then work in the same direction to live those dreams in reality.

The responsible people provide educational and psychological mentoring, and further help them ensuring their emotional health. After the completion of the high school education of the children, 89% of them get jobs or get themselves enrolled in universities. Whereas 78% of the children coming from the shelter received a scholarship for further tuition and living costs.

2) Pratham

The education NGO is one of the best NGO in India, again, works to fulfil the lapses in the education system of the country. Established in 1995, it first worked to provide education to the children coming from the slums of Mumbai. Now it has grown a lot and has spread its branch in many of the places. Their mission is- “Every child in school and learning well”, and the issues they address are- learning levels, dropout rates, child rights, and teacher training.

They have programs in their organization that also focus on vocational training and technology, ultimately meeting up to the needs of the day. Adding to all those, they have a separate publishing unit in their organization that especially works for an annual report, called “Annual Statue of Education Report” (ASER) on children’s learning outcome, which is the only source of such data in the country at present.

3) TFI (Teach for India)

The founder of this education NGO in India is Shaheen Mistri, who came with a belief that only people’s effort can lead to the assurance of children’s quality education. TFI has its spread in over 7 cities where 1100 volunteers work ensuring educational responsibilities of around 38,000 children. It has been working since 2009.

How the members work here is that initially, the fellows are solely committed to teaching in low-income schools, at least for two years. Post that, they are embedded with leadership quality to make a powerful impact in society in terms of educational and social growth at large.

4) TAPF (The Akshaya Patra Foundation)

Standing in support of the right to education and to answer malnutrition, the organization was set in 2000 with its headquarters in Bengaluru. What happens is that parents who are unable to serve their family start sending their children out for work in factories and fields to earn the living. How are children going to get their studies done when they are forced to work for hours in the field. Therefore, this education NGO also serves a meal to children coming to government and government-aided schools so that at least to suffice their hunger, the children would start coming to schools.

With a mission to serve and feed 5 million children by the next five years, the organization believes that no children should be deprived of education because of hunger. TAPF is running one of the world’s largest mid-day meal programs serving children in 12 states.

5) Akanksha Foundation

Starting from 1991, the foundation gradually spread as afterschool centres in the next 16 years. At present, the organization is running 21 schools in Mumbai and Pune, with the interventions and effort of the School Project, and the municipal corporation of Mumbai and Pune. This top-rated education NGO works to ensure the overall development of a student, be it community engagement, leadership quality, and personality development.

The students coming from their background have performed remarkably well and set a benchmark for others in the SSC and HSC examinations in Maharashtra.

6) CRY (Child Rights AND You)

This particular educational NGO in India acted as a bridge between those deprived and the non-deprived ones. They reached out to people living in worse conditions and then to those who are willing to help them on the grassroots level. The founders, Rippan Kapur with six others started the foundation with a mere fifty rupee note.

The children enrolled under the organization are taught the key importance of education that is going to make them lead their lives with justice, dignity, and equity.

The organization also comes forward and works to protect and develop children’s policies.

7) Bachpan Bachao Andolan– The Best Education NGOs in India

People coming from privileged sections of society must be knowing well what it means to lead a carefree and enjoyable time as a child. But unfortunately, this doesn’t go the same with the others coming from weaker sections. As the name of the organization suggests, this NGO is one of the best-rated education NGOs in India works on various levels resulting in the removal of exploitation of children. It also makes sure the psychological reestablishment of those who have gone through certain issues at a young age. Adding to this, they also work for ensuring new developments in legal and fundamental rights of child protection.

8) Deepalaya

The organization spans several other interventions including education, vocational, health, institutional care, and women empowerment. In major, it works in the northern region of India where it has more than 35 projects working. This came into being in the year 1979 with its major focus on girl-children, street children, and disabled children.

It enforced the idea that people have to be a bit sensitive towards those who are marginalized and work accordingly for their growth, to make them self-reliant.

9) KISS (Kalinga Institute of Social Science)

This is one of those education NGOs in India that started serving tribal children. Initially, in 1992, they provided basic education to 125 children in the tribal region of Bhubaneshwar. Today, it has expanded its arms to over 25,000 children out of which 12,000 are girls. These children receive education right from the primary to the post-graduate level. Besides, vocational training in various disciplines is provided to them.

The organization also pays attention to other skills such as sports. Students passing out from their organization find themselves employed somewhere or the other.

10) Bhumi

In 2006, a group of friends started this organization to make a needful change in the education of India. Here, the youth volunteers worked together to better the condition of children belonging to marginalized sections. They with some other supplementary education program which also includes “Ignite” they train students in English, Mathematics, Science, Computers, Robotics, Mentoring, Arts, Sports, and Life skills.

Above were a few education NGOs in India. We do have many others as well. Making changes in society what you seek is not the responsibility of NGOs only, every individual should come forward and contribute their bit.

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Difference Between Chalazia and Styes – Symptoms,Treatement &Types https://eyemantra.org/blog/chalazia-and-styes/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/chalazia-and-styes/#respond Thu, 21 Jan 2021 07:21:33 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8397 In chalazia there is an inflammation on the eyelid with no pain . Stye is a disease that is same as chalazia but it causes extreme pain in eye.


It is also called as a chalazion. It is the swollen bump on the eyelid. It is caused usually when there is clogging of our oil gland present in the eyelid. It can be seen on an upper or lower eyelid.

It is usually painless but when the severity increases, the chalazia condition can cause pain, redness as well as a loss of vision or disturbance in vision.

Symptoms and Causes:

Chalazia are usually caused by blockage of oil glands or tiny meibomian glands present in the upper or lower eyelid. The function of these oil glands is moistening of the eye. Sometimes, due to infections that attack the meibomian glands can cause chalazia condition.

It is usually seen as a painless lump or inflammation or swelling on the eyelid. Unless the chalazia are infected, the pain or redness inside the eye is not seen. It can either cause blurred or blockage of vision based on the size of the inflammation.

Risk factors:

The chalazia condition is usually seen in people suffering from various conditions such as acne, rosacea, chronic blepharitis.

People who are suffering from conjunctivitis caused due to a virus or any kind of infection can also result in developing chalazia disease.

Recurring and unusual chalazia are rarely seen in people.

Diagnosis of chalazia:

  The lump on the upper or lower eyelid can be seen which helps in diagnosing chalazia. The doctor collects the fluid which is seen near the inflamed eyelid and checks it under the microscope. Differences in symptoms help in differentiating chalazia from styes.

Treatment of chalazia:

The treatment of chalazia is done by two mechanisms i.e, home remedy or with medical help.

The steps are as below –

Home remedies: In home remedies, the use of a warm compress is seen for treating chalazia.

  • Since the lump of chalazia is present, first of all, one should not try to squeeze the chalazia as it can lead to infection.
  • Then the application of warm compress on the eyelid for at least 10 minutes and apply it 4-5 times a day.
  • The application of a warm compress can help in the removal of blockages in oil glands by softening the oils present in it.
  • Massage the eyelid lump for few times during a day. Apply some eye cream or eye drops prescribed by the doctor.

Medical help:

 In the case of chalazia, the condition is not cured with the help of home remedies. Then the use of medical help i.e, use of corticosteroid injections or surgical methods. These methods are very much effective against chalazia.

Prevention of chalazia:

There are no possible ways to permanently avoid chalazia condition. It can occur in any healthy person depending on his or her eye maintenance. But following some dialy life routine , the prevention of chalazia can be achieved such as

  1. Wash the hands before touching the eyes.
  2. Proper cleaning of accessories used in the eyes such as contact lenses or spectacles.
  3. Sometimes, check out for symptoms of developing chalazia inside the eye can also help in preventing chalazia.

Differences between chalazia and styes:

It is sometimes really difficult to distinguish between chalazia and stye by mere appearance.

The stye condition is really painful,which is seen at the edge of the eyelid and caused by an infection at the root of eyelashes. It has the potential to infect the entire eyelid.

Whereas the chalazia condition is not painful. It is a lump that is seen further away from a location where the stye occurs on an eyelid. It is caused by clogging of meibomian glands or oil glands present in the eyelid. In rare cases, it can cause swelling of a complete eyelid.


 It is also referred to as a hordeolum. It is annoying as well as uncomfortable. It is caused by a bacterial infection on the eyelashes or on the oil glands. The bacteria which gets trapped inside these glands causes the development of stye on the eyelid. Sometimes the dead skin cells, as well as other debris get clogged inside the oil glands leading to stye.

 Types of stye:

   There are two types of stye which are namely internal and external stye.

 External styes are much common than internal styes. It is seen near the follicles of the eyelash and is located at the edge outside the eyelid.

Internal styes are rarely seen cases but are extremely painful and can cause much more damage than external styes.

These are seen inside the oil gland (meibomian glands). There is a fluid-like discharge from the infected part of the eyelid.

Symptoms of stye:

  • Swelling of an eye.
  • Yellowish color discharge
  • Photophobia
  • Sensation inside the eye
  • Watering of eye

Risk factors:

The factors that influence the development of stye inside the eye are having itchy eyes and inflammation of the eyelid. Various skin diseases such as acne, rosacea etc. Mostly the styes are caused by a bacterial species called as Staphylococcus. These bacteria usually reside over the skin and are harmless bacterial species. They cause infection when they get transferred into the eye or get trapped inside the oil glands of the eyelid.

Eye infections which caused by the improper maintenance and cleaning of eye accessories such as contact lenses and spectacles. Usage of contacts even after they have expired and also wearing contact lenses while sleeping become a major problem for an eye infection.

Treatment of styes:

The styes can be treated by warm compress and also by the use of topical antibiotics. By placing a warm compress on the stye can help in liquefying the hardened or blocked material inside the oil gland and allowing it to drain.

The unclogging of the gland can help in treating internal styes by providing a drainage route to the pus and removal of debris inside the eyelid.

 Use a mild shampoo and gentle soaps with the help of a cotton swab to remove drainage from the eyelid. A little amount of blood is seen while draining the pus and also when there is an increase in blood, then it must be treated by the doctor.

The eyelid is made numb and then with the help of a small incision on the eyelid, the doctor drains the pus and debris which is clogged inside the eyelid which results in styes formation.

Complications of styes:

If left untreated, the styes can sometimes be more fatal when there is a lot of loss of blood while performing the drainage of the pus and debris from the infected eyelid.

Also, when there is a rapid growth of infection inside the eyelid it can develop stye inside the eye.

If there is an increase in inflammation or swelling in the eyelid or any new signs of infections inside the eye, then it shows the development of severe infection of stye inside the eye.

Sometimes, there is a temporary loss of vision due to stye condition along with inflammation and redness around the eyes showing the effect of a stye on the skin or increase of skin infections.

The best way to treat your eyes is to visit your eye care professional and get your eyes checked regularly. He will be able to assess the best method of treatment for your eye ailment. Visit our website Eyemantra. To book an appointment call at +91-8851044355. Or mail us at eyemantra1@gmail.com.Our other services includes : Paediatric Ophthalmologist,Computer Vision Syndrome, Neuro-Ophthalmology and many more.

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All You Should know about Ophthalmologists, Optometrists and Optician https://eyemantra.org/blog/ophthalmologists-optometrists-optician/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/ophthalmologists-optometrists-optician/#respond Wed, 20 Jan 2021 08:20:59 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8390 To get treatment related to the eyes including diseases and disorders concerning the same a patient goes to an ophthalmologist. An ophthalmologist is different from optometrist and optician.


The Ophthalmologist is an eye specialist who treats diseases and disorders related to eye problems. He is a specialist in vision care. They are specialist who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of eye-related problems which includes performing an eye-related surgery as well as giving prescription about eyeglasses that one needs to wear. They are considered as doctors in the field of vision. They need to complete their training and education period in order to be considered as an ophthalmologist. They receive an education from a four-year course and then have to undergo training for at least two years. They can also recognize various underlying diseases present in the person as they have studied the medical field.

Training and certification of an ophthalmologist

An ophthalmologist needs to receive a basic medical degree from a medical school and then should study post-graduation in ophthalmology.  They then need to do an internship for one year to gain experience.  They also undergo a three-year residency training in which they learn to treat and diagnose diseases related to eyes. They also need to spend two to three years on training for a particular specialization in the eye field. An Ophthalmologist is usually certified doctors and can treat and diagnose patients related to their field. Training and internships done by the person refine their skills as an eye specialist.

 There are other subfields present in the wide field of eye specialization. In order, to decide which specialist to visit one must know about them too. The sub-specialties in ophthalmologist deals with a particular part of the eyes.

Ophthalmology subspecialists

A comprehensive ophthalmologist is a person who specializes in all the aspects of the eye including the treatment and diagnosis of the eye. They also have additional training to provides the best treatment for particular eye diseases like glaucoma or cataract. An ophthalmologist suggests a subspecialist for proper treatment in that particular area.

  • Cornea– In front of iris and pupil there is a presence of clear and dome-shaped covering known as the cornea. A subspecialist in cornea treats eye problems related to the cornea or corneal eye diseases. They also perform LASIK and corneal transplants. They also handle various serious and complicated conditions which include lens fitting.
  • Retina– There is a presence of light-sensitive tissues present inside the eyes on which the image is formed. This part of the eye is known as the retina. The retinal subspecialists treat all the diseases related to the retina part of the eye. They also treat macular degeneration and diabetic eye diseases of the patients. They also perform surgery on retina if it gets torn or detached.
  • Glaucoma– It is an eye-related disease which affects the optic nerve present in the eyes. The optic nerve connects the brain to the eyes. The build-up of any kind of pressure inside the eyes can damage the optic nerve. An ophthalmologist with sub-specialization in glaucoma can treat and perform surgery to cure the disease.
  • Paediatric – An ophthalmologist who treat eye conditions of the infants and children come under sub-specialty of paediatrics. They generally treat refractive error and childhood disorders and conditions.
  • Oculoplastic– They are the subspecialists who repair damaged and problems present in the eyelids of a person. They also treat the structure present around the eyeball as well as the tear drainage system. They also help in providing facial injections to improve the facial look and functions.
  • Neurology– Ophthalmologists who have sub-specialization in the neurology treat all the nerve-related problems in the eyes. They take care of eye problems linked with the brain, nerves and muscles. They also treat various optic nerve problems which may lead to vision loss, double vision, abnormal eye movement, eyelid abnormalities and unequal pupil size. These types of eye diseases are caused due to various other diseases present in the body like brain tumours ,thyroid eye disease and many more.
  • Cataract– This type of subfield is not included in sub-specialization as the general ophthalmologist is capable of performing surgery of cataract. They usually study more about the disease but are not considered as subspecialists. They also tend to perform surgery related to refractive error.
  • Ocular oncology– The ophthalmologist having this specialty deals with eye cancer. They treat and diagnose the eye cancer and provide a detailed guided treatment to the patients suffering from the disease.
  • Uveitis and immunology– The ophthalmologist who has received a specialization in this field treat inflammation of the iris, ciliary body and choroid of the eye which is caused due to immune-mediated ocular conditions. They also have knowledge regarding ocular immunomodulatory therapy.

Difference between ophthalmologists, optometrists and optician

  • An Ophthalmologist is a person who has a doctorate in providing treatment and diagnosis for people suffering from eye diseases. They are considered as medical doctors and are healthcare professionals.
  • An Optometrist is a person who is also a health care professional in the eye field. They are not considered as medical doctors. They perform a physical evaluation of the eye and are not allowed to do any eye surgery. They also are forbidden from prescribing drugs to the patients. They need to have a doctor of optometry for working in the field. An Optometrist can sometimes perform some basic eye surgery but they lack range offered to the ophthalmologists. Optometrists can suggest corrective eye glasses and can conduct various eye exams.
  • An Optician is not professionals in the eye field. Their role is limited to conduct eye test or to provide prescribed eye lenses to the patient as prescribed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. Opticians are not permitted to treat or diagnose of any eye conditions.

Other helpful people form the team of an ophthalmologist. They include ophthalmic medical assistant, technologists, nurse and ophthalmic photographer. They may not hold a basic doctor’s degree but have a proper specialization in their field. The ophthalmic medical assistant role is to help ophthalmologist with the conduction of tests and also helps them in the examination of patients. The technologists help in assisting to doctor while performing surgery as they are trained to use complicated machines used in surgery. An Ophthalmic registered nurse is a person who has received nursing training in the field of ophthalmology. They help the doctor in performing many tasks including help in performing surgery. They also assist in performing many technical tasks. The ophthalmic photographer usually takes photos of the patient’s eye condition and documents them for an ophthalmologist to study.

Medical eye exam becomes necessary as the age progresses as eyes become more prone to diseases. It is always advisable to visit ophthalmologist whenever an eye problem or any vision-related condition is arising. It is better to get treated at an early stage. Basic vision test can be done by an optometrist but for a detailed version, it’s better to visit an ophthalmologist. The eye lenses and glasses suggested by the ophthalmologist can be brought from an optician. Eye conditions can also be caused due to various other health conditions and proper treatment can help doctor save your eyesight from getting worse. Many other factors like high blood pressure and having diabetes also affect eyesight. Vision changes are difficult to detect at very early stages.  

The best way to treat your eyes is to visit your eye care professional and get your eyes checked regularly. He will be able to assess the best method of treatment for your eye ailment. Visit our website Eyemantra. To book an appointment call at +91-8851044355. Or mail us at eyemantra1@gmail.com.Our other services include Retina SurgerySpecs RemovalCataract Surgery, and many more.

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Nearsightedness: Symptoms ,Correction and Treatment https://eyemantra.org/blog/nearsightedness-myopia-causes/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/nearsightedness-myopia-causes/#respond Fri, 15 Jan 2021 11:48:45 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8380 Nearsightedness is the most common impaired vision usually seen in people under the age of 40. It is also known as myopia.

Symptoms of Nearsightedness:

Nearsightedness is usually seen in adults and children. The most common symptom of myopia is, when a person is unable to see distant objects clearly. People with nearsightedness usually have difficulty in reading signboards while driving a vehicle. They also face frequent headaches due to strain that develops in the eyes while concentrating on distant objects. They also have fatigue when they are involved in any physical activity. As the nearsightedness increases their vision starts to become blurrier. These people can easily read or see objects placed close to themselves. Children tend to sit near the screens for better viewing as they are unable to view the screen when kept at a particular distance. They also tend to blink excessively and persistently squint in order to view things in their surroundings. The effect of myopia may increase in a person if proper precautions are not taken.

Causes of Nearsightedness :

Nearsightedness is not a hereditary disease but parents affected with myopia have higher chances that their child would also be affected with myopia. Nearsightedness is caused due to improper arrangement of either cornea or the lens. The cornea is the part of the eye that has a dome shape, is clear and is placed in front of the surface of the eye whereas, a lens is present inside the eye and is used to refract the light that eyeballs receive. The cornea and lens help in the image formation at the surface of the retina. People suffering from nearsightedness have their image being formed in front of the retina rather than on the surface of the retina. This is caused due to enlarged eyeballs which decrease the focusing power of the cornea and lens and leads to error in image formation. Nearsightedness can also be caused due to either cornea or lens being too curved when compared to the length of the eyeball. Sometimes myopia may be caused due to both factors. When light is focused in front of the retina then the image formation results in a blurry appearance for objects placed at a distance.

Parents suffering from myopia have higher chances of having children with the same disease. As the disease is not hereditary the chances of children having nearsightedness is equally likely. Some children have myopia at an early age but as they reach adulthood the nearsightedness does not worsen and stabilizes itself. In some cases, the vision may worsen as the age of the person progresses. Nearsightedness is also believed to be caused due to longer screen time and not spending much time in outdoor activities.

Person suffering from nearsightedness has frequent headaches as they have to squint their eyes for better viewing. The chances of contracting cataracts, glaucoma and myopic maculopathy increases if the severity of myopia increases. Having other health problems like diabetes also leads to nearsightedness in such people. It is necessary to visit the ophthalmologist if any symptom of myopia can be noticed.

How to treat myopia?

The treatment of nearsightedness includes various methods through which the vision of a person can be improved and light can be focused on the surface of the retina. To achieve this goal the most common treatment is the use of lenses. Wearing appropriate lenses helps in nearsightedness by correcting the curvature of the cornea or the lens present in the eye. This can be done by wearing eyeglasses. Eyeglasses are the most commonly used device to correct vision. They can be bifocal, trifocal and also can be multifocal. They are comfortable to wear by children as well as adults. Contact lenses are also used by some people in order to correct their eyesight. Contact lenses are applied directly to the eyeballs. They come in a wide range of variety of materials and designs. They may also cause irritation and itching in the eyes. Before using contact lenses, one should take suggestions from a doctor about it. Other than these two, refractive surgery is also used to correct the vision of the nearsighted people. In refractive surgery, laser light beams are used to alter the shape of the cornea. LASIK surgery is considered the best refractive surgery. In this surgery, the surgeon makes a thin flap on the cornea of the eyes and removes some layers of the cornea in order to flatten its curve or dome shape. It causes less discomfort and also recovering from the surgery doesn’t take much time. LASEK is another refractive surgery used for nearsightedness. In this surgery reshaping and flattening of the dome-shaped cornea is done.  The photoreactive keratectomy (PRK) is similar to LASEK but in this, the epithelium is completely removed and the cornea is reshaped. After surgery, the epithelium grows back naturally. Refractive surgery is done only when nearsightedness of a person is stable. So, you should talk to your doctor before taking the option of getting surgery.

In order to slow the effect of nearsightedness, you could ask the doctor to prescribe some medications or eye drops like atropine which will slow down the progression of nearsightedness. Increase the time of the outdoor activity as it slows down the progression of myopia in children. Exposure to sunlight helps to maintain the structure of the cornea and also keeps it in proper shape. Dual focal lenses can be used by the children aged between 8 to 12 years as it helps in slowing down the progression of nearsightedness.

Precautionary care :

Eliminating the disease is near to impossible for nearsighted people but proper care can help them in stabilizing its effect. Slowing down the progression of nearsightedness may not cure the disease fully but has been effective in stabilizing it.

  • People having nearsightedness should go for regular check-ups.
  • Having health conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure causes deterioration in the eyesight. In order to prevent that proper care of health needs to be done.
  • Sunglasses should be worn when travelling in the sun as it will block the harmful UV-rays from reaching the eyes.
  • Protective eye gear should be worn in order to prevent any eye injuries.
  • Green vegetables and lots of fruits should be eaten in order to improve eyesight. Eating omega-3 fatty acids also helps in improving the nearsightedness of a person.
  • Reducing the amount of screen time can be of great help. People doing work on laptops should look away from the screen for 20 seconds and should always take a break after half an hour.
  • Visiting a doctor is necessary if the symptoms of nearsightedness worsen, as it may be due to some underlying diseases.

To seek advice related to nearsightedness one could contact an ophthalmologist, an optometrist or an optician. An ophthalmologist is a specialist with a doctor of medicines and specializes in eye evaluations and eye disorders. They also perform refractive surgery. An optometrist is a trained person in the field of eye evaluations and helps in providing corrective lenses. An optician is a specialist who provides eyeglasses and lenses based on the prescription written by the ophthalmologist or optometrist. Opticians do not diagnose or perform eye surgery. Above mentioned points can help you out when you make your next appointment with the specialist.

The best way to treat your eyes is to visit your eye care professional and get your eyes checked regularly. He will be able to assess the best method of treatment for your eye ailment.Visit our website Eyemantra.To book an appointment call at +91-8851044355. Or mail us at eyemantra1@gmail.com.Our other services include Retina SurgerySpecs RemovalCataract Surgery, and many more.

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Reason behind your Red Eyes and How can you Cure them https://eyemantra.org/blog/red-eyes-cure/ https://eyemantra.org/blog/red-eyes-cure/#respond Fri, 15 Jan 2021 09:36:59 +0000 https://eyemantra.org/?p=8374 Red eyes are the condition in which the blood vessels present in the eyes are either swell or causes irritation in the eyes. It is also known as bloodshot eyes.

The underlying causes of red eyes

Red eyes are mainly caused due to inflamed blood vessels in the eyes. This causes redness in the eyes in the white part of the eyes. The visible symptoms of red eyes include irritation, itching, appearance of red colour in the white part of the eye, fluid discharge, feeling of pressure on the eyes. Though some of the causes may not be of much concern, it can lead to serious conditions when it starts to affect the eyesight of the person. The most common causes of red eyes are presence of irritants, eye infections, conjunctivitis, allergens, blepharitis and many other underlying causes.

  • Irritants– In the air there are usually many unwanted particles present which when come in contact with the surface of the eye can cause red eyes. The irritants like dry air, cough, dust, cold and bacterial infections cause the blood vessels to swell.
  • Eye infections– The infections in the eyes also leads to redness in the eyes. It can lead to some complications in the eyes and also cause pain and change the vision. Blepharitis, conjunctivitis, corneal ulcers and uveitis are the most common eye infections.
  • Conjunctivitis– It is a serious condition in which the redness of the eye is caused due to bacterial or viral infections in the eye. The eyes turn back into normal in a day or two. Consultation of the doctor is required if redness remains for a long time.
  • Allergens– Some people face redness in their eyes when they come in contact with the pollen grains present in the air. The presence of mold also causes the red-eye and is a common allergen. Some people also have an allergy to pet dander, and it can also cause redness in the eye.
  • Uveitis– Uvea is a pigmented portion of the eyes and its inflammation can cause red eyes. It can lead to pain and redness near the coloured part of the eye.
  • Substance abuse– People who are under influence of alcohol and drugs have red eyes due to dilation in the blood vessels of the eyes. This type of redness is temporary and is harmless.

Treatment :

Redness in the eyes usually remains for short time like for a day or two. Only in some conditions the adverseness may increase and may cause a change in the vision and extreme pain. In such conditions, it is advisable to visit a doctor immediately. The other symptoms where patients should visit the doctor are blurry vision,green or yellow discharge from the eyes, seasonal redness in the eyes can cause extreme pain and pressure.

The other treatments for mild red eyes include taking drugs having naphazoline or tetrahydrozoline in them. These two components when present in the eye drops help in the decongestion and clear up the eyes of any irritation. They help in treating red eyes caused due to any allergens.

The eye lubricant drops are also helpful in treating such conditions. In case there is an infection in the eye which is causing the redness then, the doctor might suggest using glaucoma drops or antibiotic drops to treat the infection in the eyes. These medicines should be taken under proper consultation only.

There are also small home remedies that can give small-term relief to the person suffering from red eyes. Soaking the towel in warm water and keeping it on the eyelid can help ease the irritation and red eyes. This method is called a warm compress. In this the person needs to put the towel soaked in warm water over the eyelid for at least 10 minutes and then repeat again. Keeping a warm environment helps in increasing the blood flow of the blood vessels present in the eyes by heat radiating from the warm towel. It also helps in increasing the oil production of the eyes.

Opposite to this method is the cold-water treatment or the cool compress. In this instead of warm water, cold water can be used. Extreme cold water should be avoided as it may increase the redness of the eyes. A cold compress helps in reducing the itchiness and irritation in the eyes.

These two home remedies provide temporary relief from the red eyes and irritation. If symptoms of red eyes persist then, it is highly recommended to consult a physician for the same.

Small changes in our food habits and surroundings can also have a positive effect on red eyes and can cure them naturally. Staying dehydrated can cause irritation and bloodshot eyes which can be prevented by drinking an ample amount of water to maintain the body fluids. Processed foods, fast foods and dairy products when consumed in excess can cause inflammation in the eyes. To reduce its effects, maintain a proper and healthy diet by introducing more anti-inflammatory foods. Foods rich in omega-3 should be consumed by the person having red eyes as it helps them to reduce the inflammation in the eyes. Places having high number of pollens, smoke and dry air should be avoided by the person having red eyes due to allergens.

How to prevent occurring of red eyes?

Some small precautions and care can help to lower the chance of contracting red eyes. Proper hygiene and care of the surrounding can reduce the occurrence of red eyes.

  • A person who came in contact with the person having any kind of eye infection should wash their hands thoroughly and should avoid touching their eyes by the unwashed hands.
  • Women who wear eye makeup on the regular basis should remove makeup before going to bed. Makeup residues left in the eye can lead to redness in the eyes.
  • Wearing unclean contact lenses for longer period of time also increases the chances of getting red eyes which can be avoided by wearing clean contact lenses for some period.
  • Increased screen activity can lead to red eyes and inflammation. So, one should avoid long screen time and should take a break in between to reduce the strain on the eyes.
  • Surroundings having the presence of excess allergens should be avoided by the people who are prone to red eyes due to allergens.
  • One should avoid staying dehydrated for long time and should maintain their body fluids.
  • If there is any contamination in the eye then you should wash it with water thoroughly in order to get rid of the contamination.
  • Proper sleep is necessary for the eyes to relax. If a proper sleep at night isn’t available it can lead to itchiness and redness of the eyes and in worse conditions can lead to eye infections.
  • People with drinking habits should reduce the amount of alcohol and drug consumption as it causes redness in the eyes.

With proper care, red eyes can be prevented easily. If the symptoms still persist and the condition (infection) of the eyes worsens then a visit to a doctor is recommended as they would help you to determine the main cause of redness in the eyes.

The best way to treat your eyes is to visit your eye care professional and get your eyes checked regularly. He will be able to assess the best method of treatment for your eye ailment.Visit our website Eyemantra. To book an appointment call at +91-8851044355. Or mail us at eyemantra1@gmail.com.Our other services includes Low Vision Aids And Techniques,Specs RemovalCataract Surgery, and many more.

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